, 30 April 2017

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THE STATE RESERVE MUSEUM TSARITSYNO

Address:  1, Dolskaya Street, Moscow

Design — 2005–2007
Realization — 2005–2007

Bernhard Remmers's award «For outstanding services in restoration and preservation of monuments of architecture» (Leipzig, 2008).

The absolute winner of the competition «The Best Realized Project of 2007 in the field of Investments and Construction» in all nominations.

Honorable diploma «Architectural Owl» of the Architecture–2007 International Festival.

 

The Great Palace in Tsaritsyno was the longest uncompleted construction project in the history of Russia; it was under construction for more than 200 years. It has been laid in 1775 by the architect Vasily Bazhenov by decree of the empress Catherine II. Later Matvei Kazakov replaced Bazhenov, and sometime after that, the building has been stopped. Only the collapsing palace walls have lived up to our time, they were called «the most romantic ruins of our time» and there were a lot of discussions whether to preserve them as the ruins of the Rome palaces, or to try to implement the plan of the great architects.

In 2005 the Government of Moscow has made the decision to complete the Great Palace, and to reconstruct the estate. All project and construction works in the territory of the central part of the state reserve museum «Tsaritsyno» had been carried out at the shortest possible time, within two years.

As a result of huge work of architects, restorers, builders in 2007 «Tsaritsyno» has been turned into one of the Moscow largest historical and cultural, museum and exhibition, nature protection, recreational and tourist complex, world–class object, and one of the biggest Moscow memorial estates. Its beautiful palace, wonderful park with fountains, cleaned ponds and all well–planned territory for the last two years have revived from ruins and really became a favourite vacation place for thousands of Muscovites.

The museum and reserve territory covers about 220 ha. It includes the central part of Tsaritsyno, comprising the palatial area, historic park and adjacent territories, two ceremonial entrance zones from the sides of Tsaritsyno and Orekhovo metro stations, where visit–centers and public service facilities are organized. Open parkings for motorists are arranged in the adjacent territories.

Now the estate welcomes its guests twenty–four hours a day, every day here comes about a quarter of a million of visitors. Besides, the capital has obtained 25 thousand square meters of new museum areas and now it is possible to welcome high level exhibits not only from Russian, but also from many museums of the world.

When coming from the metro station, one can enjoy the view on the most valuable part of the complex — the palatial area, as well as panoramic views of the whole ensemble, including picturesque landscape and basins. Around the basins one can see reconstructed lost hard landscaping — landings and bridges. The park architectural elements such as Milovida, Nerastankino, Ceres Temple, Gate of Mermaid and others are restored.

The culmination of restoration works was the completion of the Grand Palace building. Its roofs were constructed according to one of design conceptions of M. F. Kazakov. The interiors of the Grand Palace, which had never existed before, have been created anew (the idea of the interiors of Tavrichesky and Ekaterininsky halls in the Grand Palace belongs to the architect M. M. Posokhin). Literally, everything has been invented: furniture, layout, color solutions, chandeliers and parquets patterns, etc. During the restoration and reconstruction of the Grand Palace and the Bread House designed by V. I. Bazhenov the hidden (including underground) space was actively used, which allowed not just recovering, but also rehabilitating the buildings which have «slept» for centuries.

As a result, the historic buildings are solved as an integrated museum and exhibition complex, functionally connected by an underground part with a common entrance through the glass pavilion, constructed in place of the steward’s house.

Technical and economic performance:

Great palace

  • Building area — 5 443 m²
  • Number of storeys — 3
  • Total area of the building — 17 320 m², including:
    • Above–ground block — 12 820 m²
    • Under–ground block — 4 500 m²
  • Total structural volume — 119 500 m³, including:
    • Above–ground block — 98 300 m³
    • Under–ground block — 21 200 m³

Visit Center

  • Building area — 3 745 m²
  • Total area of the building — 5 019 m², including:
    • Above–ground block — 2 673 m²
    • Open gallery — 920 m²
    • Underground space — 1 426 m²
  • Total structural volume — 26 130 m³, including:
    • Above–ground block — 15 140 m³
    • Open gallery — 5 810 m³
    • Underground space — 5 180 m³
Object category: Cultural facilities