Design — 1996
High value and role of the parliamentary system in life of the European states are emphasized by the fact that parliament buildings as a rule occupy one of the leading places in architectural complexes of historic centers of the ancient capitals. The building of the English parliament standing on the bank of the Thames in London for several centuries; the building of the parliament of Hungary in Budapest on the bank of Danube; the parliamentary building of the 19th century on Ringstrasse in Vienna; the Palace of National assembly (Palais Bourbon, the 18th century) on the bank of Seine; and also the ancient Palace of Doges in Venice and Signoria in Florence are some world–known examples representing the first republics of their cities.
There are all preconditions for formation of the new state center in a historical center of Moscow at present. The Cathedral of Christ the Savior as a symbol of spiritual clarification and unification of Russia was reconstructed in the former place to the west from the Kremlin. It is necessary to keep in mind that the building of the Cathedral composed a unique ensemble together with the ancient Kremlin and the building of the former Imperial Orphanage House (Vospitatelny dom) which was the evidence of the humanistic ideas of the XVIII century. It is located 600 meters to the east from the Kremlin on the bank of the Moskva River.
The complex of the former Imperial Orphanage House was built in 1765 according to the design of Yu. M. Felten by the architects K.I. Blank, Ya. A. Ananyin and I. M. Sitnikov; it has been completed in 1938–40 and expanded in the 1970th years. Facades and interiors were well preserved; technical condition of the building is good. The ceremonial central facade looking on the Moskva River ends up by a dome and a high spire (2 side domes will be restored during the restoration course). The building has convenient transport entrances from Kitaysky Drive, Moskvoretskaya Embankment, Solyanka Street and Yauzskaya Square. Now the Artillery Military Academy named after F. E. Dzerzhinsky is located in the building.
Construction of the residential quarter for members of parliament is possible in close proximity to future parliamentary center, on the opposite bank of the Moskva River.
The Parliament Center of the Russian Federation
The Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation
The State Duma of the Russian Federation
Premises common to the Federal Assembly and the State Duma